The Top 10 Largest Wind Farms in the World: Harnessing the Power of Nature

Wind power has rapidly grown in recent years as countries seek to increase their renewable energy sources. As interest in solar and other renewable forms of energy grows, the world’s largest wind farms have gotten even bigger.

Throughout this article, we will examine some of the most powerful and largest wind farms in the world and explore what makes them so interesting.

What Are Wind Farms?

Wind farms are a collection of big wind turbines that capture the wind’s energy. They resemble super tall windmills and can have hundreds of them spread across hundreds of miles of land. Sometimes, the land between the turbines is for farming, and some wind farms are near lakes or oceans to harness the wind that blows across these bodies of water.

“The foundation is being laid for the emergence of both wind and solar cells as cornerstones of the new energy economy.”

Lester R. Brown

Wind farms must located in windy spots to harness wind energy. The wind turns the turbines’ blades, converting the wind energy into mechanical power. Generators then use that mechanical power and turn it into electricity for homes. Think of a wind turbine as the reverse of a fan. While fans use electricity to create wind, wind turbines use the wind to generate electricity. As the wind blows the blades, it spins the shaft connected to a generator, producing the electricity we use.

wind energy

Setting up wind farms can be pricey, but they’re competitive with other types of power generation systems in the long run. The catch is that wind power is only sometimes available when you need it. New technology will make wind power even more appealing, including the possibility of storing wind energy in batteries for later use. Currently, wind power makes up about 3% of the US’s electricity, with a 20% growth estimation by 2030.

Harnessing Wind: The Symphony of Technology and Nature

As we pivot towards sustainable energy solutions, the narrative surrounding the largest wind farms in the world becomes increasingly salient. The interplay of wind energy and advanced technology paves the way for monumental structures that stand testament to human innovation. This journey of wind power transcends the mere act of harnessing wind; it exemplifies our commitment to clean energy and a sustainable planet.

A Spectrum of Wind Farms: Offshore and Onshore

When discussing the largest wind farms in the world, it’s crucial to understand their categorization based on geographical placements: offshore wind farms and onshore wind farms. The distinction is essential as both come with unique challenges and advantages. Offshore wind power, for instance, utilizes the relentless and more consistent wind patterns over the oceans. The North Sea and the Dogger Bank wind farm, among the largest wind farms in the world, stand out as pioneering ventures in this sphere.

On the other hand, notable onshore wind farms like Roscoe wind farm and Capricorn Ridge wind farm are among the largest wind farms in the world and sprawl across vast land stretches. These farms highlight the scale at which wind energy can be tapped without venturing into the high seas.

The Giants in Wind Power: A Closer Look

Delving deeper into the ranks of the largest wind farms in the world, one unveils a list of marvels. Gansu wind farm and Jiuquan wind power base are massive installations in China, showcasing the country’s unwavering dedication to renewable energy. Meanwhile, the Shepherds Flat wind farm, backed by GE Renewable Energy, is another contender among the largest wind farms in the world, demonstrating large-scale wind power initiatives in the United States.

The Alta Wind Energy Center stands tall among the largest onshore wind projects. Key players like NextEra Energy Resources and Caithness Energy have been instrumental in its realization. India, not to be left behind, boasts of its giants like Jaisalmer wind park and the Muppandal wind farm, further solidifying Asia’s robust approach to tapping wind power.

Turbines: The Silent Workhorses

A wind farm’s effectiveness, even the largest wind farms in the world, is only as good as its wind turbines. These structures, towering and elegant, are the backbone of any wind energy project. Companies like General Electric and Suzlon Energy lead in producing advanced turbines that maximize energy output for even the largest wind farms in the world. Innovations in turbine technology can elevate the installed capacity of these vast wind farms, making them even more efficient.

Venturing Offshore: The Vastness of the Seas

The allure of offshore wind, especially when discussing the largest wind farms in the world, is undeniable. The London Array, once the largest offshore wind farm, set the benchmark for deep-sea wind energy innovation. With the emergence of wind farms like Dogger Bank, the bar for the largest wind farms in the world is continually being raised. Companies like Blattner Energy, although newer entrants, are also making significant strides in this evolving landscape.

“It is fundamentally crazy to build wind farms out at sea. But it works!”

Tulsi Tanti

The Bigger Picture: Wind Energy in the Global Energy Mix

Wind power’s significance extends beyond the scope of the largest wind farms in the world or advanced turbines. It encompasses the broader promise of renewable energy in our global energy framework. As we transition from fossil fuels, the role of these gigantic wind projects becomes increasingly pivotal. Be it the expansive offshore wind farms in the North Sea or the vast onshore installations like Mojave wind farm; each contributes to a sustainable future.

“Let’s not be so elitist that we can’t honor good, hard, dignified, ennobling work… building wind farms”

Van Jones

Ultimately, the largest wind farms in the world symbolize a global commitment to renewable energy. As technological advancements continue and investments amplify, the convergence of technology and nature promises a brighter, cleaner future.

The Largest Wind Farms in the World

1. Jiuquan Wind Power Base, China

China’s Jiuquan Wind Power Base boasts 7,000 turbines, making it the world’s largest wind farm. It can generate 20 GW at peak capacity, but right now, it’s only using 40% due to weak demand and its remote location in the Gobi desert.

The State Grid Corporation of China is working on a solution, developing a 750 KW high-voltage energy line to connect the wind farm to areas with more people. This $17.5 billion project has the potential to power over a million homes.

Jiuquan Wind Power Base China

China is a leader in wind energy, with over 92,000 turbines generating 145 GW of clean energy, more than all of the wind farms in the US combined. They’re adding even more turbines at over one per hour, striving to fully realize the benefits of wind energy.

2. Jaisalmer Wind Park, India

India’s biggest wind farm, the 1,600MW Jaisalmer wind park, was built by Suzlon Energy in the Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan. Suzlon constructed the wind farms for various customers, like private and public companies, independent power producers, and power utilities. Some notable clients include Hindustan Petroleum Corporation, Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals, and CLP India. They equipped the wind farms with a mix of wind turbine models made by Suzlon, like the S97-120m, S97-2.1MW, and S111-90m.

Jaisalmer Wind Park India

3. Alta Wind Energy Centre, US

The Alta Wind Energy Centre is a massive wind farm spread across 3,200 acres in the Californian desert. It’s got 490 wind turbines that generate a whopping 1,547 MW of clean energy. Terra-Gen Power built this behemoth for $2,875 billion, and it was commissioned in 2010 after 7 phases of construction.

This wind farm is crucial in helping the USA reach its renewable energy target of 20% by 2020. By generating clean energy, it’s stopping over 5.2 million metric tons of CO2 from polluting the air; that’s the same as taking 446,000 cars off the road! The energy generated here goes to Southern California Edison.

4. Muppandal Wind Farm, India

Muppandal is India’s biggest onshore wind farm, located in the Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu. This wind farm is spread across a group of wind farms in the area and generates 1,500MW of clean energy. Muppandal is an excellent spot for a wind farm because it has a lot of barren lands with high-pressure winds, perfect for capturing wind energy.

And, thanks to the nearby Western Ghats mountain range, the area receives solid winds for nine months out of the year. Different parts of the Muppandal wind farm have various capacities and feature turbines from other manufacturers like Vestas, NEPC India, AMTL, TTG, and Suzlon.

5. Shepherds Flat Wind Farm, US

The Shepherds Flat Wind Farm is not only a massive 30-square-mile wind farm but also one of the largest wind farms in the world. Producing a whopping 845 MW of clean energy, it stands as a testament to the capabilities of renewable energy. Built by Caithness Energy in 2010, it’s situated in Arlington, East Oregon and is among the largest wind farms in the world in terms of output. It was their first and only wind farm project.

Shepherds Flat Wind Farm US

Starting its operations in 2012, it boasts 338 turbines and has the capacity to power 240,000 homes. Furthermore, this giant among the largest wind farms in the world prevents 1 million metric tons of CO2 emissions from entering the atmosphere yearly. The US Department of Energy recognized its potential and provided the project a loan of $1.3 billion, with the final estimated cost rounding up to $2.9 billion.

6. Roscoe Wind Farm, US

The Roscoe Wind Farm is located in Roscoe, Texas, and was once the largest wind farm in the world. Spanning 100,000 acres, it can generate 781.5 MW of clean energy using 634 turbines and supply energy to over 250,000 homes. Not only that, but it also helps the environment by preventing 375,000 tons of CO2 from entering the atmosphere each year.

Roscoe Wind Farm US

Construction of the wind farm was done in four phases by E. On Climate and Renewables and cost around $1 billion. With this wind farm, Texas is reducing its dependency on fossil fuels and providing electricity for a quarter of a million homes in the state.

7. Horse Hollow Wind Energy Centre, Texas

Horse Hollow Wind Energy Centre, one of the largest wind farms in the world, started as just one phase back in 2005. However, it has now grown to three phases and can produce a staggering 735.5 MW of energy. Spanning a vast 60,000 acres, this titan among the largest wind farms in the world is located across Taylor and Nolan County, Texas.

NextEra, a prominent player in the arena of the largest wind farms in the world, owns the farm. In contrast, Blattner Energy was responsible for all the building, engineering, and procurement work. With a whopping 421 turbines, it produces enough energy to power 180,000 homes, further solidifying its place among the largest wind farms in the world.

8. Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm, Texas

The Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm in Texas is owned by NextEra Energy Resources and is located in Sterling and Coke Counties. It was built in two phases starting in 2007 and now has 407 turbines generating 662.5 MW of energy, adequate to power 220,000 homes. The farm helps the environment by preventing 952,000 tons of CO2 emissions from being in the atmosphere each year, which is like taking 186,000 cars off the road. JP Morgan Chase also invested $225 million in the project.

9. Walney Extension Offshore Wind Farm, UK

The Walney Extension Offshore Wind Farm is one of the largest wind farms in the world with a 659MW power plant located in the Irish Sea, close to Walney Island in Cumbria. It’s a significant milestone in the quest for clean energy, and its impressive scale marks its place among the largest wind farms in the world. It’s a joint venture, with Ørsted owning 50% and the remaining half split between PKA and PFA.

Walney Extension Offshore Wind Farm UK

Spanning 145km² in the Irish Sea and boasting 87 Vestas and Siemens Gamesa turbines, this colossal infrastructure is a testament to the potential of wind energy. Officially starting operation in September 2018, this behemoth among the largest wind farms in the world generates enough electricity to power around 600,000 homes in the UK. The energy produced is efficiently sent to shore through two big offshore substations.

10. London Array Offshore Wind Farm, UK

The London Array Offshore Wind Farm is a significant achievement in renewable energy – not only is it the largest offshore wind farm, but it also ranks among the largest wind farms in the world with an impressive 630MW capacity. Located off the coasts of Kent and Essex, in the outer Thames Estuary, it stands about 20km from shore, making it a prominent feature among the largest wind farms in the world.

This colossal wind farm, which was inaugurated in July 2013, is a collaboration between Denmark’s Dong Energy, Germany’s E.On, and Abu Dhabi’s Masdar. The journey to its realization wasn’t swift. Construction started in March 2011, and it took until December 2012 to install the final turbine, cementing its place among the largest wind farms in the world.

With an investment of £3bn ($4.8bn), the London Array boasts 175 Siemens 3.6MW wind turbines. Each of these giants rises 87m above sea level with a rotor diameter of 120m. With its vast capacity, it generates sufficient energy to power approximately two-thirds of Kent’s households, a testament to the capabilities of the world’s largest wind farms.

Did you know?

Wind farms are fascinating feats of modern engineering, and here’s a fun fact: A single wind turbine can generate enough electricity to power up to 1,400 households in a year. The amount of power produced by a wind turbine is proportional to the cube of the wind speed, meaning that if the wind speed doubles, the turbine can potentially produce eight times more power. This makes the location of wind farms a critical decision factor, typically resulting in them being situated in high-altitude or offshore areas where wind speeds are higher and more consistent.


In conclusion, wind farms provide clean and renewable energy to communities worldwide. The largest wind farms help reduce dependence on non-renewable energy sources and significantly reduce the number of carbon emissions produced by traditional energy sources. 

The developments in wind turbine technology have allowed wind farms to generate more energy than ever before, making them a more cost-effective and practical solution for many countries. From the Shepherds Flat Wind Farm in Oregon to the London Array Offshore Wind Farm in the UK, these large wind farms are leading the way in harnessing the power of the wind to create a more sustainable future for us all.

Interested in harnessing the power of the wind? Home wind turbines are an eco-friendly, renewable energy source. Find out how to choose and benefit from home wind turbines.

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